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|Name: Dr.Madhu Dixit Devkota Designation: Professor Organazation: Department of Community Medicine & Public Health, Institute of Medicine ,Kathmandu Contact: +977 9851108772 Email: email@example.com|
|Name: Dr.Kalpana Tiwari Contact: +977 9841421741 Email: Kalpanatiwari9@yahoo.com|
|Name: Ms.Pooja Pandey Rana Designation: Deputy Chief of Party Organazation: Suaahara/Helen Keller International, Kathmandu Contact: +977 9851086353 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Name: Ms.Nira Joshi Designation: Research Officer Organazation: New Era Pvt. Ltd., Kathmandu Contact: +977 9841451876 Email: email@example.com|
|Name: Mr.Sumit Karn Designation: Nutrition Specialist Organazation: Food & Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations Contact: +977 9851137887 Email: Sumit.firstname.lastname@example.org / email@example.com|
|Name: Dr.Prakash Sunder Shrestha Designation: Professor Organazation: Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Medicine, Kathmandu Contact: +977 9841276339 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Name: Mr.Raj Kumar Pokharel Designation: Senior Public Health Administrator Organazation: Ministry of Health and Population, Kathmandu Contact: +977 9843142711 Email: email@example.com|
|Name: Dr.Meghraj Banjara Designation: Lecturer [Microbiology & Epidemiology] Organazation: Department of Microbiology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu Contact: +977 9841553767 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Name: Mr.Deepak Thapa Designation: Executive Director Organization: NTAG, Kathmandu Contact: +977 9851017121 Email: email@example.com|
Our work in Nepal highlighted a surprising phenomenon: mothers who had more contact with the health system appeared to be at greater risk of poor IYCF behaviours. This demonstrates an urgent need for breastfeeding promotion targeted at mothers with higher levels of contact with the health care system within the context of new and existing community breastfeeding promotion strategies to improve IYCF outcomes.
- Almost all infants had a recent history of breastfeeding.
- Among breastfed infants, the majority continued to receive breastmilk feeds (in conjunction with other feeds) well beyond two years of age.
- Just over one-third of newborns were breastfed within the first hour of birth.
- Only half of all breastfed infants were exclusively breastfed to six months of age.
- The practice of offering non-breastmilk feeds is extremely common. Over 60% of newborns received either nothing or pre-lacteal feeds in the first hour of birth, while almost half of all of infants were given complementary feeds before the age of six months.
- The rate of bottle-feeding in Nepal was extremely low.
- Two-thirds of all infants 6–9 months of age were offered complementary feeds.
- Actively engage the health workforce in breastfeeding promotion and skill building programmes.
- Develop community level initiatives to support appropriate IYCF among women who deliver at home.
- Target urban dwelling women with higher education and wealth status to improve behaviours around exclusive breastfeeding.
- Conduct further research to assess the quality and quantity of complementary foods including feeding patterns, dietary intake and the effect of these on growth.
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